After Lincoln’s death, there was an immediate demand for items that mourned the late president. In Washington City, the whole town was draped in black mourning crepe. Citizens wore silk ribbons, pins, badges, armbands, and images of the fallen president. An industry of mourning goods was established overnight.
One of the most beautiful Lincoln mourning artifacts that has survived the years, is an elegant, 22” diameter, mourning fan:
The fan is titled, “To the Martyr of his Country, Abraham Lincoln” and was created by a Central American maker who had purchased the rights from an American firm. On the front, the fan shows Lincoln, surrounded by angels and cherubs, with Spanish memorial songs on the edges near the fan guards. On the back, near the guards, the hand painted fan displays the battle of the Monitor and Merrimac along with a depiction of Richmondburning. The back of the fan also displays five neatly drawn and painted scenes from the assassination of the president:
The fan was designed to not only be a fashionable piece, but also a means of self protection and therefore holds two surprises in its design. In the base of one of the guards, there is a small, hinged area in which a lady could conceal poison. If this did not work, or, if the lady needed a more direct approach, the same fan guard houses a concealed knife that could be retracted and hidden from sight.
This fan had originally belonged to Father Robert Keesler, one of the original “Boothies”. A truly kind and generous man, he allowed the fan to be displayed at the Surratt House Museum as one of their centerpiece artifacts in their exhibit on Victorian mourning customs. Father Keesler later gave this ornate fan as a present to Dr. John Lattimer, an esteemed Lincoln author and collector. When part of Dr. Lattimer’s Lincoln collection was sold at auction in 2008, this fan went for $15,535. It was last in the possession of the Abraham Lincoln Book Shop in Chicago Illinois. They were asking $19,500 for this extraordinary piece of Lincoln mourning history.
The image of the article regarding mourning badges comes from Lincoln’s Assassins: Their Trial and Execution by James Swanson and Daniel Weinberg. Several other mourning items can be found in this book.
Abraham Lincoln Book Shop